5dez 2021
00:00 UTC

(Open) Science and its communication for Linguistics

Language is a complex cognitive capacity. This capacity is intrinsically connected with what makes us humans: communication with our peers, creation and consolidation of cultural practices, and support of high cognitive processes, for example. Due to its significance in our life, research on Linguistics needs to be transparently conducted and comprehensively communicated to the public. Therefore, our objective is to highlight the importance of open science and the communication of Linguistics. Open science is a term which describes a series of propositions on the adoption of new practices to create and disseminate scientific knowledge. Along with claims on the adoption of more open, transparent, and reproducible practices in research, there are proposals on the need of making science comprehensible for a wider audience. One main possibility of making scientific discoveries more accessible is through science communication, which is the practice of comprehensively sharing and promoting the scientific enterprise (e.g., its ideas, methods, and results) to experts and non-expert audiences. This practice has positive effects on the exchange of research results for the scientific community and the general public. These effects are related to the fact that science is part of human cultures and it can impact everyone’s lives. Thus, in democratic societies, it is paramount that the public comprehends the scientific enterprise in order to (i) make sense of its effects on social progress, (ii) get informed about decisions involving science, (iii) support public funding for research projects, and (iv) promote good scientific practices. Today science and its communication are being reshaped by the infrastructure provided by the web and the claims of open science. This change is also happening in Linguistics. There are researchers studying how open science practices of transparency, rigor, and reproducibility can be adapted to research on human language. Moreover, through social and digital media, for example, many areas of language studies are being made known in Brazil in the last few years. There are YouTube channels, Instagram pages, Twitter accounts and many blogs focused on communicating topics related to linguistics and spreading the importance of studying how people understand and produce language in all its modalities. This is why we argue that (open) science and its communication in Linguistics go hand in hand. In the scope of open science, there is the responsibility of researchers on disseminating the knowledge produced in the language sciences comprehensively to expert and non-experts audiences.